Adopt IUWM

Kishangarh

Kishangarh, located in the Ajmer District in Rajasthan, is known as the ‘marble city’, owing to its prominent marble processing industry. The city is also a tourist destination thanks to the Kishangarh Fort, which is still home to the royal family. Water is scarce in this hard rock region due to little rainfall and no perennial rivers in the district. The city is dependent on the Bisalpur dam, located nearly 100 kilometres away from the city to get water. Two larger lakes in the city, namely Gundolav Talab and Hameer Sagar, retain water throughout the year.


The discussions with the local communities and the stakeholder committee resulted in identifying Kishangarh’s most pressing water challenges: the pollution of the ponds required measures get rid of the nutrient pollution causing an extreme growth of water hyacinths, to conserve their catchment and ensure the recharge of groundwater in and around the city. Significant leakage losses while supplying water, the reduction of the recharge potential due to the hard bedrock and the pollution of the majority of the water bodies from the marble processing were also of major concern.


Following a hands-on training programme for the Kishangarh Municipal Council to monitor the water quality, the stakeholder committee discussed and mapped the urban water loop and formulated a vision for the city. The final two pilot projects selected to start the process in practice were: establishing a waste collection scheme in two wards and closing the water loop at the level of a school by installing toilet facilities and organising awareness raising events in the community.

Integrated Urban Water Management vision of Kishangarh

Integrated Urban Water Management for the city by integrating local resources in water supply, conserving local resources and interlinkages between ponds, using the rain water harvesting potential of the city and promoting different water quality for different uses; and foster extensive mass awareness to reduce wastage.

AdoptIUWM Newsletter #1 for Kishangarh

Take a look at activities in Kishangarh in Year 2 of the project.

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AdoptIUWM Newsletter #2 for Kishangarh

Get to know the events in Kishangarh in Year 3 of the project.

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AdoptIUWM Newsletter #3 for Kishangarh

Read about the pilot projects in Kishangarh in Year 4 of the project.

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Pilot project 1 | Door-to-door collection of solid waste

At the beginning of the pilot project, a household survey in two wards covering close to 3,800 citizens was undertaken. The survey showed there was a lack of dustbins in the area and waste was being disposed on open dumping sites, which led to the choking of drains in the city during rainfall.  The survey also showed the residents’ willingness to pay for better waste management services.


Random samples of waste from 30 households from different income groups were collected in each ward to analyse its physical and chemical composition. In partnership with the Kishangarh Municipal Council and the private contractor for waste management, ICLEI South Asia initiated household level sensitization activities on waste segregation. ’Champions’ from each community, colony and/or street were identified to raise awareness and dustbins for wet waste collection were distributed to each household. Separate bags to collect recyclables were also handed out and the residents agreed to pay a user fee of INR 30 per month.


Presently, four types of waste are collected: recyclables (mainly plastic and paper), dry waste, wet waste and separate food items for Gaushala, which go to a cow shelter. 450 households and 150 commercial units are now part of the collection scheme and a vehicle for waste collection is being operated by ICLEI South Asia in partnership with Swachh Bharat Mission Rally. So far more 90% of the waste from households has been segregated and the user fee of more than 90% of households has also been collected. A compost facility is currently being set up near to the city where the wet waste from these wards will be composted.

Additional awareness raising events were supported by the AdoptIUWM project, such as the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) rally organized by Kishangarh Municipal Council with more than 500 school students in Kishangarh.

Pilot project 2 | Closing the urban water loop in a local school

The Raja Reddy School complex in a slum was selected to pilot closing the water loop. The toilet block of the girls’ school was abandoned and students had to walk a few minutes to use a toilet during school hours. The shortage of toilet facilities in the neighbouring slum area, led to high open defecation rates on the school’s property. The idea was to construct rain water harvesting pits, refurbish the toilet facilities, improve the local wastewater treatment facilities and work towards achieving zero open defecation in the school grounds.


AdoptIUWM undertook a number of initiatives together with the Kishangarh Municipal Council and the stakeholder committee and local communities from sensitizing slum children on WASH practices to constructing a toilet for girls’ school, which is fully functional now. The slum dwellers around the school were mobilized to construct toilets with funding support under Swachh Bharat Mission. The toilet block holds water efficient fixtures and decentralized wastewater treatment system. This treated wastewater can be used for gardening within the school campus.


A series of IEC workshops were undertaken to sensitize students of the school as well Cartoons based on messages from the Swachh Bharat Mission were specifically created to sensitize children on WASH. A participatory session with pupils was held in which they shared their ideas through art from creating paintings, taking part in quizzes, games, poster and slogan writing competitions. This pilot also provided a platform to encourage girl children to voice their concerns.