Adopt IUWM

Solapur

Solapur is located in the Bhima and Sina river basins of Maharashtra. It is one of the selected Smart Cities under the Smart Cities Mission of the Government of India. The city is a centre for handlooms and power looms with nearly 6,000 operational units. This makes Solapur one of the major water consumers in the region, sourcing water from Ujjani Dam and Bhima River. The city is trying to tackle its high non-revenue water losses, water conflicts and the pollution of its water resources. Solapur has several fresh water lakes in and around the city of which Ekrukh lake is also used to supply water to the city. The degradation of the catchment and siltation have negative impacts on the water bodies. Solapur has taken the initiative to establish a wastewater treatment plant, which is about to go into operation in 2017 and help reuse the water for industrial purposes.

The stakeholder committee established under the AdoptIUWM project saw the participation of government departments, civil society organisations, community representatives and others. The consultations brought forth the need to manage water efficiently conserve the water bodies of the region. A local NGO took up the initiative to desilt one of the lakes in the city as part of a corporate social responsibility action following discussions with all stakeholders in the AdoptIUWM workshops. ICLEI South Asia, in partnership with the non-government organisation Development Alternatives, also organised a training programme for municipal officials on water quality testing. The stakeholders discussed and mapped the urban water loop for Solapur and formulated a vision for the city. A list of potential projects was identified to help achieve Solapur’s water vision. The city used the Project Prioritization tool of the IUWM toolkit to finalize the two pilot projects for implementation: one pilot worked on recharging abandoned borewells in a slum, whilst the other helped revive a defunct community toilet in another slum.

Integrated Urban Water Management vision of Solapur

Integrated Urban Water Management for Solapur City will be realised, with community involvement at all stages, by conserving resources, reusing wastewater, tapping the natural runoff potential, effectively managing water and sourcing water from multiple sources, with due focus on maintaining water quality and water quantity.

AdoptIUWM Newsletter #1 for Solapur

Get an update on all events in Solapur in Year 2 of the project.

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AdoptIUWM Newsletter #2 for Solapur

Check what happened in Solapur in Year 3 of the project.

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AdoptIUWM Newsletter #3 for Solapur

Take a look at the pilot projects in Solapur in Year 4 of the project.

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Pilot project 1 | Recharging abandoned borewells in a slum

Following a survey to identify the potential site(s) for to pilot the recharging of abandoned bore wells, Neelam Nagar and another even poorer housing area, two peri-urban settlements were selected. This poorer area is not connected to the municipal water supply network (or sewerage or drainage network) yet and the residents depend on the municipal water supply tankers and nearly 43 municipal hand pumps.  A household survey was conducted to understand the issues the residents face. The results were that nearly 34% residents ranked water as the priority issue and 57% spent more than INR 1,000 per month to purchase water.

Community consultations, IEC activities and stakeholder workshops were taken up in Neelam Nagar area to sensitize the population and introduce the project. At the same time geophysical surveys helped finalise three hand pumps most suitable for groundwater recharge.

Modular rain water harvesting pits were installed to connect the rooftops near all three hand pumps to a recharge a total of three pits near them. The roof tops (mostly pukka) were connected to half round gutters and the runoff was filtered using rain water filters. Three modular rain water filters, and ten individual rain water filters were mounted and a water level indicator was provided to monitor the recharge rate. This scheme has enabled the recharge of the hand pumps by connecting them with 9,500 square feet of roof top area. The community and local youth have been trained in water level monitoring and maintaining the recharge pits. The Solapur Municipal Corporation is assessing how the pilot project can be replicated across the city to revive 200 more borewells in the city under the AMRUT Mission of Government of India.

Pilot project 2 | Revival of defunct community toilet

In line with the Swachh Bharat Mission and to eradicate open defecation, Solapur Municipal Corporation chose to revive a defunct community toilet block in a peri-urban settlement, which is growing rapidly and new sheds are coming up on a monthly basis. In consultation with the local government and based on site visits and discussions with community on site, a toilet block in one ward was selected. Until recently the area was not connected to municipal water supply network or sewerage network. The existing septic tank of the block is completely defunct and the toilets were not used due to the lack of water and cleanliness.

A household survey was conducted to understand the willingness of the community to use the toilet. The surveys showed that nearly 56% of the household toilets are defunct due to problems with the drainage (55%) or no water being available (45%) . The consultations with the community helped understand the issues better, sensitize the community on WASH and discuss the potential of reviving the community toilet on pay-and-use. The community and especially women due to safety concerns were willing to pay for using the toilet.

With support from the municipality, the toilet block was revived, a decentralised wastewater treatment facility provided and a rain water harvesting and water storage facilities constructed. Western style pans were also provided for senior citizens and low height doors for children for male and females each. The municipality has agreed to paint the toilet block and clean the septic tank of the toilet block. The toilet will run on a pay-and-use basis from spring 2017 onwards.